000071066 001__ 71066
000071066 005__ 20170202111720.0
000071066 035__ $$9INSPIRETeX$$aAntchev:2017pjj
000071066 035__ $$9arXiv$$aoai:arXiv.org:1701.05227
000071066 035__ $$9CDS$$a2242639
000071066 035__ $$9DESY$$zDA17-kp04ac
000071066 037__ $$9CERN-PH-EP-2016-317
000071066 037__ $$9arXiv$$aarXiv:1701.05227$$cphysics.ins-det
000071066 037__ $$aCERN-EP-2016-317
000071066 100__ $$aAntchev, G.$$uSofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res.
000071066 245__ $$9arXiv$$aDiamond Detectors for the TOTEM Timing Upgrade
000071066 246__ $$9arXiv$$aDiamond Detectors for the TOTEM Timing Upgrade
000071066 269__ $$c2017-01-18
000071066 300__ $$a28
000071066 500__ $$9arXiv$$a26 pages, 18 figures, 2 tables, submitted for publication to JINST
000071066 520__ $$9arXiv$$aThis paper describes the design and the performance of the timing detector developed by the TOTEM Collaboration for the Roman Pots (RPs) to measure the Time-Of-Flight (TOF) of the protons produced in central diffractive interactions at the LHC. The measurement of the TOF of the protons allows the determination of the longitudinal position of the proton interaction vertex and its association with one of the vertices reconstructed by the CMS detectors. The TOF detector is based on single crystal Chemical Vapor Deposition (scCVD) diamond plates and is designed to measure the protons TOF with about 50 ps time precision. This upgrade to the TOTEM apparatus will be used in the LHC run 2 and will tag the central diffractive events up to an interaction pileup of about 1. A dedicated fast and low noise electronics for the signal amplification has been developed. The digitization of the diamond signal is performed by sampling the waveform. After introducing the physics studies that will most profit from the addition of these new detectors, we discuss in detail the optimization and the performance of the first TOF detector installed in the LHC in November 2015.
000071066 540__ $$barXiv$$uhttp://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/
000071066 65017 $$2arXiv$$aphysics.ins-det
000071066 65017 $$2INSPIRE$$aInstrumentation
000071066 65017 $$2arXiv$$ahep-ex
000071066 65017 $$2INSPIRE$$aExperiment-HEP
000071066 693__ $$eCERN-LHC-TOTEM
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$ap: time-of-flight
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$aelectronics: design
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$anoise
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$asolid-state counter: diamond
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$aTOTEM
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$adiffraction
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$aperformance
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$aupgrade
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$aroman pot
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$apile-up
000071066 695__ $$2INSPIRE$$atime resolution
000071066 700__ $$aAspell, P.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aAtanassov, I.$$uSofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res.
000071066 700__ $$aAvati, V.$$uAGH-UST, Cracow
000071066 700__ $$aBaechler, J.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aBerardi, V.$$uINFN, Bari$$uBari U.
000071066 700__ $$aBerretti, M.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aBossini, E.$$uSiena U.$$uINFN, Siena
000071066 700__ $$aBottigli, U.$$uSiena U.$$uINFN, Siena
000071066 700__ $$aBozzo, M.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aBroulím, P.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aBuzzo, A.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aCafagna, F.S.$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aCatanesi, M.G.$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aCsanád, M.$$uWigner RCP, Budapest$$uEotvos U.
000071066 700__ $$aCsörgő, T.$$uWigner RCP, Budapest$$uKaroly Robert U. Coll.
000071066 700__ $$aDeile, M.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aDe Leonardis, F.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aD'Orazio, A.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aDoubek, M.$$uCTU, Prague
000071066 700__ $$aEggert, K.$$uCase Western Reserve U.
000071066 700__ $$aEremin, V.$$uIoffe Phys. Tech. Inst.
000071066 700__ $$aFerro, F.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aFiergolski, A.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aGarcia, F.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aGeorgiev, V.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aGiani, S.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aGrzanka, L.$$uCracow, INP$$uAGH-UST, Cracow
000071066 700__ $$aGuaragnella, C.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aHammerbauer, J.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aHeino, J.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aKarev, A.$$uDubna, JINR
000071066 700__ $$aKašpar, J.$$uPrague, Inst. Phys.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aKopal, J.$$uPrague, Inst. Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aKundrát, V.$$uPrague, Inst. Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aLami, S.$$uINFN, Pisa
000071066 700__ $$aLatino, G.$$uSiena U.$$uINFN, Siena
000071066 700__ $$aLauhakangas, R.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aLinhart, R.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aLokajíček, M.V.$$uPrague, Inst. Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aLosurdo, L.$$uSiena U.$$uINFN, Siena
000071066 700__ $$aLo Vetere, M.$$uGenoa U.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aLucas Rodríguez, F.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aLucsányi, D.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aMacrí, M.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aMercadante, A.$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aMinafra, N.$$uCERN$$uBari U.
000071066 700__ $$aMinutoli, S.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aNaaranoja, T.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uHelsinki U.
000071066 700__ $$aNemes, F.$$uEotvos U.$$uWigner RCP, Budapest
000071066 700__ $$aNiewiadomski, H.$$uCase Western Reserve U.
000071066 700__ $$aNovák, T.$$uWigner RCP, Budapest$$uKaroly Robert U. Coll.
000071066 700__ $$aOliveri, E.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aOljemark, F.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uHelsinki U.
000071066 700__ $$aOriunno, M.$$uSLAC
000071066 700__ $$aÖsterberg, K.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uHelsinki U.
000071066 700__ $$aPalazzi, P.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aPaločko, L.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aPassaro, V.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aPeroutka, Z.$$uPilsen U.
000071066 700__ $$aPetruzzelli, V.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aPoliti, T.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aProcházka, J.$$uPrague, Inst. Phys.
000071066 700__ $$aPrudenzano, F.$$uBari Polytechnic$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aQuinto, M.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aRadermacher, E.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aRadicioni, E.$$uINFN, Bari
000071066 700__ $$aRavotti, F.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aRobutti, E.$$uINFN, Genoa
000071066 700__ $$aRoyon, C.$$uU. Kansas, Lawrence
000071066 700__ $$aRuggiero, G.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aSaarikko, H.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uHelsinki U.
000071066 700__ $$aScribano, A.$$uINFN, Pisa
000071066 700__ $$aSmajek, J.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aSnoeys, W.$$uCERN
000071066 700__ $$aSziklai, J.$$uWigner RCP, Budapest
000071066 700__ $$aTaylor, C.$$uCase Western Reserve U.
000071066 700__ $$aTurini, N.$$uSiena U.$$uINFN, Siena
000071066 700__ $$aVacek, V.$$uCTU, Prague
000071066 700__ $$aWelti, J.$$uHelsinki Inst. of Phys.$$uHelsinki U.
000071066 700__ $$aWyszkowski, P.$$uAGH-UST, Cracow
000071066 700__ $$aZielinski, K.$$uAGH-UST, Cracow
000071066 710__ $$gTOTEM
000071066 8564_ $$s186841$$uhttp://inspirehep.net/record/1509914/files/StripEffi.png$$y00001 Efficiency as a function of the position for two neighboring pixels separated by 0.1 mm. The position of the hit is defined by tracks reconstructed from silicon telescope data. A 1-2\% inefficiency can be attributed to the data acquisition system used for the test.
000071066 8564_ $$s25782$$uhttp://inspirehep.net/record/1509914/files/david-goodIVcurve.png$$y00000 Leakage current versus voltage for a one pixel diamond plate. t1, t2, t3 and t4 in the Figure identify the order in time of the measurements of the four curves.
000071066 8564_ $$s3772134$$uhttp://inspirehep.net/record/1509914/files/arXiv:1701.05227.pdf
000071066 909CO $$ooai:inspirehep.net:1509914$$pCERN$$pINSPIRE:HEP$$pCERN:arXiv$$pCDS
000071066 980__ $$aCORE
000071066 980__ $$aarXiv
000071066 980__ $$aCiteable
000071066 980__ $$aHEP
000071066 999C6 $$a0-1-0-1-0-0-1$$t2017-01-20 07:41:09$$vInvenio/1.1.2.1260-aa76f refextract/1.5.44$$vcontent.pdf;1
000071066 999C5 $$0930960$$hG. Antchev, et al.$$mFirst measurement of the total proton-proton cross section at the LHC energy of √ s = 7 TeV$$o1$$sEurophys.Lett.,96,21002$$y2011
000071066 999C5 $$01220864$$hG. Antchev et al.$$mLuminosity-independent measurements of total, elastic and inelastic crosssections at √ s = 7 tev$$o2$$sEurophys.Lett.,101,21004$$y2013
000071066 999C5 $$01220862$$hG. Antchev et al.$$mMeasurement of proton-proton elastic scattering and total cross-section at √ s = 7 TeV CERN-PH-EP-2012-239$$o3$$sEurophys.Lett.,101,21002$$y2013
000071066 999C5 $$01251291$$hG. Antchev et al.$$mLuminosity-independent measurement of the proton-proton total cross section at √ s = 8 TeV$$o4$$sPhys.Rev.Lett.,111,012001$$y2013
000071066 999C5 $$01220863$$hG. Antchev et al.$$mMeasurement of proton-proton inelastic scattering cross-section at √ s = 7 TeV$$o5$$sEurophys.Lett.,101,21003$$y2013
000071066 999C5 $$0764051$$hM. G. Ryskin, et al.$$mSoft diffraction at the LHC: A Partonic interpretation$$o6$$sEur.Phys.J.,C54,199-217$$y2008
000071066 999C5 $$0786155$$hE. Gotsman, et al.$$mA QCD motivated model for soft interactions at high energies$$o7$$sEur.Phys.J.,C57,689-709$$y2008
000071066 999C5 $$0894317$$hS. Ostapchenko$$mOn the model dependence of the relation between minimum-bias and inelastic proton-proton cross sections$$o8$$sPhys.Lett.,B703,588-592$$y2011
000071066 999C5 $$9CURATOR$$mAddendum to the TOTEM TDR: Timing Measurements in the Vertical Roman Pots of the TOTEM Experiment LHCC document including questions/answers from/to the referees. Technical Report, CERN, Geneva, Nov 2014$$o9$$rTOTEM-TDR-002-ADD-1$$rCERN-LHCC-2014-020$$rCERN-LHCC-2014-024$$y2014
000071066 999C5 $$01328170$$mKenneth ´’Osterberg. Potential of central exclusive production studies in high β∗ runs at the LHC with CMS-TOTEM$$o10$$sInt.J.Mod.Phys.,A29,1446019$$y2014
000071066 999C5 $$mTiming Measurements in the Vertical Roman Pots of the TOTEM Experiment. Technical Report TOTEM-TDR-002, CERN, Geneva, Sep. 18$$o11$$rCERN-LHCC-2014-020$$uhttps://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/$$y2014
000071066 999C5 $$0644582$$hV Berardi et al.$$mTotal cross-section, elastic scattering and diffraction dissociation at the large hadron collider at cern: Totem technical design report$$o12$$rCERN-LHCC-2004-002
000071066 999C5 $$0657751$$mand addendum$$o12$$rCERN-LHCC-2004-020$$y2004
000071066 999C5 $$0796250$$hG. Anelli et al.$$mThe TOTEM Experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider$$o13$$sJINST,3,S08007$$y2008
000071066 999C5 $$0838106$$hG. Ruggiero et al.$$mCharacteristics of edgeless silicon detectors for the Roman Pots of the TOTEM experiment at the LHC$$o14$$sNucl.Instrum.Meth.,A604,242-245$$y2009
000071066 999C5 $$hM Berretti$$mPerformance studies of the Roman Pot timing detectors in the forward region of the IP5 at LHC. Aug$$o15$$y2014
000071066 999C5 $$hW. de Boer, et al.$$mRadiation hardness of diamond and silicon sensors compared. Physica Status Solidi Applied Research, 204:3004-3010, September$$o16$$y2007
000071066 999C5 $$hH. Pernegger, et al.$$mCharge-carrier properties in synthetic single-crystal diamond measured with the transient-current technique$$o17$$sJ.Appl.Phys.,97,073704$$y2005
000071066 999C5 $$hM.Pomorski$$mElectronic properties of single crystal cvd diamond and its suitability for particle detection in hadron physics experiments. PhD Thesis - Wolfgang von Goethe University Frankfurt - Aug$$o18$$uhttp://www-norhdia.gsi.de/publications/pomorskithesisfinalLQ.pdf$$y2008
000071066 999C5 $$01264361$$hGuthoff, et al.$$mMoritz Radiation damage in the diamond based beam condition monitors of the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN$$o19$$sNucl.Instrum.Meth.,A730,168-173$$y2013
000071066 999C5 $$hE. Berdermann, et al.$$mDiamond Start Detectors. In Proceedings Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), pages 407-411$$o20$$pIEEE$$y2009
000071066 999C5 $$hM. Ciobanu, et al.$$mIn-beam diamond start detectors$$o21$$sIEEE Trans.Nucl.Sci.,58,2073-2083$$y2011
000071066 999C5 $$9CURATOR$$hE. Delagnes, et al.$$mReaching a few picosecond timing precision with the 16-channel digitizer and timestamper SAMPIC ASIC$$o22$$sNucl.Instr.Meth.,A787,245-249$$y2015
000071066 999C5 $$01444888$$hD. Breton, et al.$$mMeasurements of timing resolution of ultra-fast silicon detectors with the SAMPIC WTDC -$$o23$$rarXiv:1604.02385$$y2016
000071066 999C5 $$hE. Delagnes et al.$$mThe SAMPIC Waveform and Time to Digital Converter. Proceedings of the Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), and 21st Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detectors, November. Sce Electronique$$o24$$pIEEE$$y2014
000071066 999C5 $$0820536$$hM. Bousonville et al.$$mUniversal picosecond timing system for the facility for antiproton and ion research$$o25$$sPhys.Rev.ST Accel.Beams,12,042801$$y2009
000071066 999C5 $$9CURATOR$$hM Albrow, et al.$$mand the CMS-TOTEM Collaboration. CMS-TOTEM Precision Proton Spectrometer. Technical Report, Sep 2014$$o26$$rCERN-LHCC-2014-021$$rTOTEM-TDR-003$$rCMS-TDR-13$$y2014