/ astro-ph.HE arXiv:1503.03834

High-mass twins & resolution of the reconfinement, masquerade and hyperon puzzles of compact star interiors

Blaschke, David (Wroclaw U.) ; Alvarez-Castillo, David E. (San Luis Potosi U.)

Pages: 6

Abstract: We aim at contributing to the resolution of three of the fundamental puzzles related to the still unsolved problem of the structure of the dense core of compact stars (CS): (i) the hyperon puzzle: how to reconcile pulsar masses of $2\,$M$_\odot$ with the hyperon softening of the equation of state (EoS); (ii) the masquerade problem: modern EoS for cold, high density hadronic and quark matter are almost identical; and (iii) the reconfinement puzzle: what to do when after a deconfinement transition the hadronic EoS becomes favorable again? We show that taking into account the compositeness of baryons (by excluded volume and/or quark Pauli blocking) on the hadronic side and confining and stiffening effects on the quark matter side results in an early phase transition to quark matter with sufficient stiffening at high densities which removes all three present-day puzzles of CS interiors. Moreover, in this new class of EoS for hybrid CS falls the interesting case of a strong first order phase transition which results in the observable high mass twin star phenomenon, an astrophysical observation of a critical endpoint in the QCD phase diagram.

Web-Page: http://inspirehep.net/record/1351890/files/QCHS-prob.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1351890/files/QCHS-noprob.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1351890/files/EoS-Twins_QCHS.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1351890/files/mr_twins_QCHS.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1351890/files/arXiv:1503.03834.pdf

Note: 6 pages, 4 figures, prepared for the Proceedings of the Conference "XIth Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum", September 8 to 12, Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia

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 Record created 2015-04-01, last modified 2015-04-01

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