/ Instrumentation

Superconducting solenoid magnet for the Multi-Purpose Detector at the NICA facility

Bunzarov, Zh (Dubna, JINR) ; Dodokhov, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Efremov, A. (Dubna, JINR) ; Golovatyuk, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Ionaites, V. (Optoel, St. Petersburg) ; Kekelidze, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Kovalchuk, O. (Optoel, St. Petersburg) ; Koshurnikov, E. (Optoel, St. Petersburg) ; Lobanov, Yu (Dubna, JINR) ; Makarov, A. (Dubna, JINR) ; Ochrimenko, V. (Optoel, St. Petersburg) ; Vodopyanov, A. (Dubna, JINR)

Published in: JINST
Year: 2014
Vol.: 9    Num./Issue: 09
Page No: C09035
Year: 2014-09-30 published

Abstract: The Multi-Purpose Detector (MPD) is a 4π spectrometer to be used for studying charged hadrons, electrons and photons generated in heavy ion collisions at energies provided by the NICA collider of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna). A constituent part of MPD is a solenoid magnet with superconducting NbTi coil and steel flux return yoke. The magnet is intended for providing a highly homogeneous magnetic field of 0.5 T in an aperture of 4596 mm in diameter to ensure the transverse momentum resolution within the range of 0.1–3 GeV/c at NICA. The mass of the magnet is eight hundred tons. Structurally, the MPD magnet yoke is a cylindrical barrel-like structure, which consists of 24 beams that return the magnetic flux of the coil, two support rings, two poles and two support cradles that carry the total weight of the detector. The stainless cryostat with the superconducting coil is rigidly fixed inside the yoke barrel. The structural arrangement of the yoke guarantees high rigidity of the whole magnet and will ensure the required field homogeneity and integral of the radial magnetic induction component in the TPC region after subsequent withdrawals of the poles and multiple movements of the magnet to the assembly site for updating or repair. The coil is a one-layer solenoid made of an aluminum stabilized superconductor. The conductor is wound onto inside the aluminum support cylinder. The cooling method chosen for the MPD magnet is based on the forced two-phase helium flow using a helium refrigerator. The coil conductor is cooled indirectly via the thermal contact with the aluminum cylinder and heat removal through the cylinder to the aluminum tube with circulated liquid helium. In this paper the details of the technical design and results of the magnetic and mechanical calculations are presented.

Keyword(s): Overall mechanics design (support structures and materials, vibration analysis etc) ; Detector design and construction technologies and materials ; Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics

Total numbers of views: 1492
Numbers of unique views: 512
DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/9/09/C09035
 Record created 2014-11-05, last modified 2014-11-05

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