/ nucl-th arXiv:1308.1513

Main restrictions in the synthesis of new superheavy elements: quasifission or/and fusion-fission

Nasirov, Avazbek (Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan) ; Kim, Kyungil (Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Daejeon, Republic of Korea) ; Mandaglio, Giuseppe (Centro Siciliano di Fisica Nucleare e Struttura della Materia Catania, Italy) ; Giardina, Giorgio (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Italy) ; Muminov, Akhtam (Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan) ; Kim, Youngman (Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Daejeon, Republic of Korea)

Pages: 27

Abstract: The synthesis of superheavy elements stimulates the effort to study the peculiarities of the complete fusion with massive nuclei and to improve theoretical models in order to extract knowledge about reaction mechanism in heavy ion collisions at low energies. We compare the theoretical results of the compound nucleus (CN) formation and evaporation residue (ER) cross sections obtained for the $^{48}$Ca+$^{248}$Cm and $^{58}$Fe+$^{232}$Th reactions leading to the formation of the isotopes $A=296$ and $A=290$, respectively, of the new superheavy element Lv ($Z=116$). The ER cross sections, which can be measured directly, are determined by the complete fusion and survival probabilities of the heated and rotating compound nucleus. That probabilities can not be measured unambiguously but the knowledge about them is important to study the formation mechanism of the observed products. For this aim, the $^{48}$Ca+$^{249}$Cf and $^{64}$Ni+$^{232}$Th reactions have been considered too. The use of the mass values of superheavy nuclei calculated in the framework of the macroscopic-microscopic model by Warsaw group leads to smaller ER cross section for all of the reactions (excluding the $^{64}$Ni+$^{232}$Th reaction) in comparison with the case of using the masses calculated by Peter M\"oller {\it et al}.

Web-Page: http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig1.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig10.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig11.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig12.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig13.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig14.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig15.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig2.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig3.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig4.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig5.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig6.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig7.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig8.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/Fig9.png; http://inspirehep.net/record/1246932/files/arXiv%3A1308.1513.pdf

Note: *Brief entry*; 27 pages and 15 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1109.2013

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 Record created 2013-09-05, last modified 2014-01-30

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