/ Experiment-HEP arXiv:0706.1600


Measurement of the production of charged pions by protons on a tantalum target


Catanesi, M.G. (INFN, Bari) ; Radicioni, E. (INFN, Bari) ; Edgecock, R. (Rutherford) ; Ellis, Malcolm (Rutherford) ; Robbins, S. (Rutherford) ; Soler, F.J.P. (Rutherford) ; Gossling, C. (Dortmund U.) ; Bunyatov, S. (Dubna, JINR) ; Krasnoperov, A. (Dubna, JINR) ; Popov, B. (Dubna, JINR) ; Serdiouk, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Tereschenko, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Di Capua, E. (INFN, Ferrara) ; Vidal-Sitjed, G. (INFN, Ferrara) ; Artamonov, A. (CERN) ; Arce, P. (CERN) ; Giani, S. (CERN) ; Gilardoni, S. (CERN) ; Gorbunov, P. (CERN) ; Grant, A. (CERN) ; Grossheim, A. (CERN) ; Gruber, P. (CERN) ; Ivanchenko, V. (CERN) ; Kayis-Topaksu, A. (CERN) ; Panman, J. (CERN) ; Papadopoulos, I. (CERN) ; Pasternak, J. (CERN) ; Tcherniaev, E. (CERN) ; Tsukerman, I. (CERN) ; Veenhof, R. (CERN) ; Wiebusch, C. (CERN) ; Zucchelli, P. (CERN) ; Blondel, A. (Geneva U.) ; Borghi, S. (Geneva U.) ; Campanelli, M. (Geneva U.) ; Morone, M.C. (Geneva U.) ; Prior, G. (Geneva U.) ; Schroeter, R. (Geneva U.) ; Engel, R. (Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum) ; Meurer, C. (Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum) ; Kato, I. (Kyoto U.) ; Gastaldi, U. (INFN, Legnaro) ; Mills, G.B. (Los Alamos) ; Graulich, J.S. (Louvain U., Inst. Phys. Nucl.) ; Gregoire, G. (Louvain U., Inst. Phys. Nucl.) ; Bonesini, M. (INFN, Milan) ; De Min, A. (INFN, Milan) ; Ferri, F. (INFN, Milan) ; Paganoni, M. (INFN, Milan) ; Paleari, F. (INFN, Milan) ; Kirsanov, M. (Moscow, INR) ; Bagulya, A. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Grichine, V. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Polukhina, N. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Palladino, V. (INFN, Naples) ; Coney, L. (Columbia U.) ; Schmitz, D. (Columbia U.) ; Barr, G. (Oxford U.) ; De Santo, A. (Oxford U.) ; Pattison, C. (Oxford U.) ; Zuber, K. (Oxford U.) ; Bobisut, F. (INFN, Padua) ; Gibin, D. (INFN, Padua) ; Guglielmi, A. (INFN, Padua) ; Mezzetto, M. (INFN, Padua) ; Dumarchez, J. (Paris U., VI-VII) ; Vannucci, F. (Paris U., VI-VII) ; Dore, U. (INFN, Rome) ; Orestano, D. (INFN, Rome3) ; Pastore, F. (INFN, Rome3) ; Tonazzo, A. (INFN, Rome3) ; Tortora, L. (INFN, Rome3) ; Booth, C. (Sheffield U.) ; Buttar, C. (Sheffield U.) ; Hodgson, P. (Sheffield U.) ; Howlett, L. (Sheffield U.) ; Bogomilov, M. (Sofiya U.) ; Chizhov, M. (Sofiya U.) ; Kolev, D. (Sofiya U.) ; Tsenov, R. (Sofiya U.) ; Apollonio, M. (INFN, Trieste) ; Chimenti, P. (INFN, Trieste) ; Giannini, G. (INFN, Trieste) ; Santin, G. (INFN, Trieste) ; Burguet-Castell, J. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Cervera-Villanueva, A. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Gomez-Cadenas, J.J. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Martin-Albo, J. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Novella, P. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Sorel, M. (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Tornero, A. (Valencia U., IFIC)

Published in: Eur.Phys.J.
Year: 2007
Vol.: C51
Page No: 787-824
Pages: 49

Abstract: A measurement of the double-differential cross-section for the production of charged pions in proton--tantalum collisions emitted at large angles from the incoming beam direction is presented. The data were taken in 2002 with the HARP detector in the T9 beam line of the CERN PS. The pions were produced by proton beams in a momentum range from 3 \GeVc to 12 \GeVc hitting a tantalum target with a thickness of 5% of a nuclear interaction length. The angular and momentum range covered by the experiment ($100 \MeVc \le p < 800 \MeVc$ and $0.35 \rad \le \theta <2.15 \rad$) is of particular importance for the design of a neutrino factory. The produced particles were detected using a small-radius cylindrical time projection chamber (TPC) placed in a solenoidal magnet. Track recognition, momentum determination and particle identification were all performed based on the measurements made with the TPC. An elaborate system of detectors in the beam line ensured the identification of the incident particles. Results are shown for the double-differential cross-sections ${{\mathrm{d}^2 \sigma}} / {{\mathrm{d}p\mathrm{d}\theta}}$ at four incident proton beam momenta (3 \GeVc, 5 \GeVc, 8 \GeVc and 12 \GeVc). In addition, the pion yields within the acceptance of typical neutrino factory designs are shown as a function of beam momentum. The measurement of these yields within a single experiment eliminates most systematic errors in the comparison between rates at different beam momenta and between positive and negative pion production.

Web-Page: http://publish.edpsciences.org/abstract/EPJC/V51/P787; http://durpdg.dur.ac.uk/cgi-hepdata/hepreac/7215525

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