/ Experiment-Nucl nucl-ex/0605015

Topology of 'white' stars in relativistic fragmentation of light nuclei

Andreeva, N.P. (IPT, Kazakstan) ; Gaitinov, A.Sh. (IPT, Kazakstan) ; Bradnova, V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Vokalova, A. (Dubna, JINR) ; Zarubin, P.I. (Dubna, JINR) ; Zarubina, .I.G. (Dubna, JINR) ; Kovalenko, A.D. (Dubna, JINR) ; Malakhov, A.I. (Dubna, JINR) ; Rukoyatkin, P.A. (Dubna, JINR) ; Rusakova, V.V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Shchedrina, T.V. (Dubna, JINR) ; Vokal, S. (Kosice U.) ; Kravchakova, A. (Kosice U.) ; Gerasimov, S.G. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Goncharova, L.A. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Dronov, V.A. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Orlova, G.I. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Larionova, V.G. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Orlova, G.I. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Peresadko, N.G. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Polukhina, N.G. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Salmanova, N.A. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Chernyavsky, M.M. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Kharlamov, S.P. (Lebedev Inst.) ; Lepekhin, F.G. (St. Petersburg, INP) ; Levitskaya, O.V. (St. Petersburg, INP) ; Simonov, B.B. (St. Petersburg, INP) ; Moiseenko, A.A. (Yerevan Phys. Inst.) ; Sarkisyan, V.R. (Yerevan Phys. Inst.) ; Stan, E. (Bucharest, Inst. Space Sciences) ; Haiduc, M. (Bucharest, Inst. Space Sciences) ; Stanoeva, R. (Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res.) ; Tsakov, I. (Sofiya, Inst. Nucl. Res.)

Pages: 22

Abstract: In the present paper, experimental observations of the multifragmentation processes of light relativistic nuclei carried out by means of emulsions are reviewed. Events of the type of white stars in which the dissociation of relativistic nuclei is not accompanied by the production of mesons and the target-nucleus fragments are considered. A distinctive feature of the charge topology in the dissociation of the Ne, Mg, Si, and S nuclei is an almost total suppression of the binary splitting of nuclei to fragments with charges higher than 2. The growth of the nuclear fragmentation degree is revealed in an increase in the multiplicity of singly and doubly charged fragments with decreasing charge of the non-excited part of the fragmenting nucleus. The processes of dissociation of stable Li, Be, B, C, N, and O isotopes to charged fragments were used to study special features of the formation of systems consisting of the lightest $\alpha$, d, and t nuclei. Clustering in form of the $^3$He nucleus can be detected in white stars via the dissociation of neutron-deficient Be, B, C, and N isotopes.

Web-Page: http://link.aip.org/link/?atn/68/455

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 Record created 2010-10-29, last modified 2013-11-12

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