/ Accelerators physics/0307092


Two color FEL amplifier for femtosecond resolution pump probe experiments with GW scale X ray and optical pulses


Feldhaus, J. (DESY) ; Korfer, M. (DESY) ; Moller, T. (DESY) ; Pfluger, J. (DESY) ; Saldin, E.L. (DESY) ; Schneidmiller, E.A. (DESY) ; Schreiber, S. (DESY) ; Yurkov, M.V. (Dubna, JINR)

Published in: Nucl.Instrum.Meth.
Year: 2004
Vol.: A528
Page No: 453-457
Pages: 15

Abstract: Pump-probe experiments combining pulses from a X-ray FEL and an optical femtosecond laser are very attractive for sub-picosecond time-resolved studies. Since the synchronization between the two independent light sources to an accuracy of 100 fs is not yet solved, it is proposed to derive both femtosecond radiation pulses from the same electron bunch but from two insertion devices. This eliminates the need for synchronization and developing a tunable high power femtosecond quantum laser. In the proposed scheme a GW-level soft X-ray pulse is naturally synchronized with a GW-level optical pulse, independent of any jitter in the arrival time of the electron bunches. The concept is based on the generation of optical radiation in a master oscillator-power FEL amplifier (MOPA) configuration. X-ray radiation is generated in an X-ray undulator inserted between the modulator and radiator sections of the optical MOPA scheme. An attractive feature of the FEL amplifier scheme is the absence of any apparent limitations which could prevent operation in the femtosecond regime in a wide (200-900 nm) wavelength range. A commercially available long (nanosecond) pulse dye laser can be used as seed laser.

Keyword(s): Free electron lasers ; X-ray lasers ; Relativistic electron beams

Web-Page: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.130

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